What is mouse bait?
There is often a confusion between the terms mouse baits and mouse poison, as both are also associated with mice control and prevention. Baits that are used in mouse traps are simply pieces of food like cheese, bacon, and peanut butter that are placed along with the traps to lure the mice towards it. On the other hand, mouse poison baits are toxic products that are also used to kill mice in the house. These baits are either in pellets, grain, or powder form. When choosing a mouse bait, you can choose between paste packs and bait blocks. Both are equally effective in killing mice in less than a week.
When it comes to pressing mouse problems inside the house, mouse traps and poisonous mouse baits are the top recommended mice extermination products. In fact, a combination of the two readily gets rids of house mice as fast as two days.
How Mouse Bait Works
Rodenticides have three major modes of action, which is important for every consumer to remember:
Non-anticoagulants – this type of mouse bait work by interfering with the mouse’ nervous system. It also has the ability to affect the calcium levels of the mouse’ blood, thus causing immediate fatality.
First Generation – these are mouse baits that does not kill a mouse right away. It requires a certain amount of intake in order to be lethal for the mouse. This means that the bait may have to be placed in a strategic location for more than one day.
Second generation – mice that are able to consume this type of bait will not last for more than two days, as second generation mouse baits are able to kill with one feed.
Currently, the best mouse bait for a household is something that kills instantly, to prevent the mouse from going farther from the house before dying. This may cause a problem in recovering the dead body of the mouse. When buying a mouse bait, remember to choose the General Use Pesticides (GUP), as these are the types that have been proven for household use. Usually, licensed mice exterminator are the ones who purchase and use the restricted type of mouse bait.
Mouse Bait Safety
One of the biggest controversies against mouse baits is its safety for humans and pets. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has already confiscated several mice control products that have failed to comply with the safety standards established by the agency. Since 2011, EPA has started removing these uncompliant products from the market to ensure full consumer and wildlife welfare.
As a result of the massive government and non-profit organizations efforts against the use of mouse baits poison, several usage regulations were passed to significantly reduce exposure of humans and pets to these toxic mouse baits. As a consumer, it also helps to know how to read the label of these products in order to get the safest and best mouse bait for your house. Currently, most if not all of the mouse bait products come with bait stations, meant to protect users from accidental toxic exposure. Usage of mouse bait stations is relatively new for most household users, but it actually offers several other benefits apart from protecting against toxic exposure.
1. Preserve the bait longer by keeping it free from moisture and dust. Long term exposure to external environment tend to reduce the toxicity of the bait.
2. Avoid spillage of baits
3. Make it easier to place and secure the bait in house locations that are harder to reach.
4. Allows the user to constantly check the bait to see whether the mouse has already fed on it.
5. Transfer the bait without touching it.
More on Mouse Bait Stations
Mouse bait stations are made up of sturdy plastic to ensure that they cannot be easily tampered by children or pets. The resistant of bait stations is measured using Tiers, with Tier 1 as the highest quality and Tier 4 as the weakest. Tier 1 bait station is designed to be resistant to children, dogs (and other pets), indoor conditions, and outdoor weather. This is the most common type used by farmers, who are also plagued with rodent problems in their plantation. For household purposes, Tier 2 to 3 will already do. Some variations of bait stations are also able to hold mouse traps.
When looking for the best mouse bait station for your house, consider the completeness of the designs. An ideal station design should have holding rods, opening holes, wall anchor, interior walls, and tamper lock. When checking out for bait stations, make sure that the holes are huge enough for two or more mice to enter, but also small enough for children and pet to tinker. Although these stations often come with the mouse bait package, you can also purchase a separate station from chemical and agricultural product suppliers, as well as pest management firms. Currently, there are already more variations of mouse bait stations, including ones that look like walls or metal mimicking normal household and indoor surroundings.
Can I build my Own Bait Station?
While this is possible, it is not recommended since even homemade bait stations need to follow the federally-approved tamper -resistance standards. This can be a complicated process to follow, if you are not familiar with the safety standards involved in making a poison station. Thus, it is still better to purchase commercially available bait stations.
Mouse Bait Precautions
Merely having bait stations will not guarantee full effectiveness of the poison. Although mouse bait products have extremely high levels of toxicity, it can still fail to kill a mice due to human errors. A common mistake is failing to place the bait station in the proper area. Mice are wise creatures and will not simply invade places that do not have any potential for food or nesting place. To ensure full consumption of the bait poison, it is crucial to place the bait station in areas we the mice are most likely to pas by. It is also best to have a number of bait stations in the house, placed at least 8-12 feet away from each other.
It is also advisable to wear a mask when setting up the bait in its station. Make sure that there are no children or pet near when setting the bait.