The name alone implies that these animals should not be anywhere than the outdoors. True enough, field mice have the plains and forests as their natural habitat. They survive by eating almost anything, including wood materials in old houses, often located in rural areas. Field mice are also most active during warmer seasons, a time when they can find more food from their surroundings.
Although it is natural for field mice to stay and survive outdoors, changes in season usually drive these animals to invade new and warmer spaces, including buildings and houses, even those that are located in urban communities. As a matter of fact, pest control expert believe that every building is home to at least one mouse, with or without owner knowing.
While it there is still no accurate account on exactly how these rat species were able to make it to urban communities, the natural agility and cleverness of field mice can be a reason enough for their prevalence in modern establishments. This type of rodent is also an expert in camouflage, which is considered as their biological response to being preys to a number of predators in the field including wolves, dogs, bears, and rabbits.
Are Field Mice Dangerous?
Field mice are not innately harmful species. Their sharp senses allow them to easily detect humans or pets around the house, which they quickly avoid. This lessens the chances of getting mouse bites. However, like any other wild species of rodents, field mice are potential carriers of of viruses and bacteria, such as:
* Leptospirosis – this is a bacterial disease that is transmitted through wild mice urine. Humans contract this disease by being exposed to food and drinks that are contaminated with the urine. Although quite rare, it is also possible for humans to be infected with Leptospirosis by skin contact to urine, especially if there is an open wound.
* Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome – a respiratory disease caused by a virus found in rodent urine and droppings. Humans can be exposed to the virus by having direct contact with a mouse (mouse bites), and by breathing the virus from anything that has been contaminated by the rodent’s wastes.
* Hermorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HERS) – another viral disease from rodents that is contracted by humans from direct exposure to mouse urine and droppings. The virus can also be easily transmitted to humans through mucous membranes and broken skin.
These diseases are already growing prevalent worldwide. They also pose serious threat to human life, as the infections can become fatal quickly. With this, it is important to protect your family by acting fast on any confirmed wild mice in the establishment, before they spread diseases to any of the family member.
Mouse traps and poison are the commonly used commercial products to easily get rid of field mice. However, it should be noted that field mice reproduce rapidly, thus they can easily increase in number in such a short span of time. For any massive prevention and control for field mice, it is more advisable to hire a pest control firm to do the job.